Aldous Huxley, English writer, essayist, and critic, was born on July 26, 1894 in Godalming, Surrey, England. From 1908 to 1913 he was studying at Eton College, Berkshire. When he was 16 he had the keratitis that led him to eighteen-month blindness. By dint of special glasses he recover sight of one eye, he could read, but used Braile type as well. Despite eyesight problems he continued his study at Balliol College, Oxford, where he got a bachelor`s degree of human sciences in 1916. Due to bad state of health he was exempted from military service during the First World War. In 1917 he worked in the Ministry of Military in London and held classes at Eton and Repton colleges.
His first poetry collection emerged in 1916. During 1920-1921 he worked as theatre critic for Westminster Chronicle and as librarian at Chelsea book club. In 1921 he finished his first novel Crome Yellow. During the 1920s he was living in Italy. In 1930s he moved to Sanary, near Toulon where he wrote his dystopian novel Brave New World. In first year of sales more than 28 000 copies were sold in England and the USA.
Other novels by Aldous Huxley: Antic Hay (1923), Those Barren Leaves (1925), Point Counter Point (1928), Eyeless in Gaza (1936), After Many a Summer (1939), Time Must Have a Stop (1944), The Genius and the Goddess (1955), Island (1962).
In 1937 Huxley moved to Los-Angeles, California with his wife Maria, son Matthew and friend Gerald Heard. Californian climate was fair for writer`s eyesight. After moving Huxley stopped writing mescaline fiction. In fact, writer had experience with LSD.
Aldous Huxley died on November 22, 1963 in Los-Angeles.